As a pharmacist, you will be inundated with offers to join a variety of professional organizations and to gather certifications. You may wonder why you should bother with any of them, and today we will discuss the importance of geriatric pharmacy certification specifically.
First, it is important to take a look at the numbers behind the geriatric population in the United States. According to the Administration on Aging almost 13% of the American population was over the age of 65 in 2009. It is estimated that, by 2030, this demographic will make up nearly 20% of the population, quite a substantial figure. Knowing that such a large percentage of the population will be in this demographic, makes it easy to see the importance of preparing oneself to better serve this aging population.
There are several factors which are unique to serving a geriatric customer base. The Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy, or CCGP, helps ensure that pharmacists are aware of the best practices to use in the service of geriatric patients and provide the newest research in the field. Whether or not you decide certification is appropriate for you, it is still a wise investment in time to learn more about serving geriatric patients in general.
According to a paper published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, there are several core competencies required for those who wish to focus on geriatric pharmacy which can be broken down into three categories, which are skills, knowledge, and attitudes. While it is certainly important that the values and attitudes are appropriate, one assumes that a person who had a desire to work with an elderly clientele would not have ageist views and would indeed be understanding, compassionate, and have a desire to improve and optimize care for these individuals.
In regards to knowledge, pharmacists will need to be taught:
- Theories of aging
- The difference between normal aging and changes caused by disease
- Common geriatric conditions
- Epidemiology of aging
- Pharmacokinetic changes in aging
- Pharmacodynamic changes in aging
- Disorders and diseases that are more common in the elderly
- Cultural, social, and economic issues of aging
Skills needed in geriatric pharmacy include:
- The ability to conduct screening assessments
- The ability to communicate effectively with elderly clients to obtain medical history and other information
- The ability to prioritize the patient’s medical problems
- The ability to adjust patient care plans as needed
- The ability to communicate with health care providers about the drug therapy chosen for patients
- The ability to manage chronic therapies alongside the prescriber
- The ability to effectively educate an older patient on his drug therapy
- The ability to manage health care environments and medication systems for older people
- The ability to comply with local, state, and federal law that govern the regulations on the use of medication by the elderly
If you are interested in becoming a pharmacist, or are already a pharmacist with a special interest in helping the elderly, geriatric pharmacy may be a trend worth watching. Have you considered receiving additional training or certification for geriatric pharmacy? What has your experience been like?