According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 20.4% percent of RNs and 10 percent of LPNs and LVNs in the U.S. are union members.
What’s more, unionized nurses can earn an average of $200-$400 more per week than non-unionized nurses.
So why not join a union? It turns out, doing so is a more complex (and personal) issue than just signing up and cashing-in on the extra pay (if applicable) and other benefits – real or perceived.
Here’s a quick look at some of the upsides and pitfalls of having such representation:
What is a Nurses’ Union?
A nurses’ union is a form of a trade or labor union which is an organization that advocates for the interest of the nurses that comprise the group. The goal of the union is to advocate for nurses in hopes to improve benefits, wages, and other working conditions. Unions have been around for over 100 years and while they have seen a drastic decrease in involvement, the healthcare industry has seen a steady involvement over the years.
Pros of Nursing Unions
A union has the power and strength of numbers to negotiate enforceable contracts that identify working conditions (like acceptable nurse-to-patient ratios), the role of nurses in fixing standards of care, when nurses work overtime, pay scales, benefits, procedures for vacation-scheduling and other time off, etc…
Through a union, you can support efforts to enact improved laws that regulate hospitals and other healthcare environments and to create government-funded programs to fund and promote nursing education
Some legislative agendas include bans on mandatory overtime, mandating safe nurse-to-patient ratios, and requiring employers to protect nurses from violence and harassment on the job
Many union members enjoy the benefit of direct representation by union staff in the workplace. (This is especially valuable when disciplinary actions are being taken or when working conditions come up that require labor-management negotiation)
Cons of Nursing Unions
From time-to-time, employers experience conflicts of interest with a nursing union. For example, management can’t make changes on employee pay scales and benefits without consulting the union, and nursing strikes that go against such measures can take a large toll on patient care
Employers can’t easily fire a union nurse (bad for management, good for front-line nurses, whether they’re in the wrong or not) whose performance falls below standard without consulting the union, which supports the nurse
Most unions charge membership dues, which is deflation in real wages (if you pay the union $80 per month, that’s $80 less in take-home pay)
Unions can use membership fees for political purposes. Even if you opt-out of having a portion of your dues go to support a specific candidate, the union can use your dues as the collective means to gain influence, even if that influence is against your personal views
According to many comments from nurses – both unionized and non-unionized – unions entrench seniority. Nurses with low seniority tend to get the last options for holiday bids and other time off, are easily pulled into other units and can be canceled during low census
It can also be difficult to advance your career on merit or increased education when competing with unionized nurses who have greater seniority
The National Nurses Union
One of the largest nursing union in America and the history of the U.S. is the National Nurses Union. According to their website, they were founded in 2009 and now have over 150,000 members. This union is so large because it is the result of three separate nursing unions combing – the California Nurses Association/National Nurses Organizing Committee, United American Nurses, and Massachusetts Nurses Association.
You could argue that union collective bargaining has both positive and negative aspects. On one hand, nurses waive the responsibility of working directly with employers to create pay scales, benefits packages, nurse-to-patient ratios, and role definitions that favor nurses (spelled out in the form of a binding contract.)
However, collective bargaining can also reduce pay down-the-road. Once the union and the hospital agree on a pay scale, it can be locked in for years, making raises hard to come by until a new contract is negotiated.
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